There are two alternatives for surgery that Valve Repair Surgeon takes into consideration: valve replacement and valve repair.
Heart Valve Replacement surgery is the substitution of one or more of the heart valves with any artificial heart valve or a bio-prosthesis (a homograft from humanoid tissue or xenograft e.g. from animals like pig). It is an excellent substitute to valve repair.
There are key four procedures:
- Aortic valve replacement
- Mitral valve replacement
- Tricuspid valve replacement
- Pulmonary valve replacement
Modern aortic valve replacement approaches by Valve Repair Surgeon comprise of closed heart surgery, Very Invasive Cardiac Surgery (VICS) as well as Very Invasive, Scapulae-Based Aortic Valve Replacement.
The trans-aortic valve replacement or implementation [TAVR or TAVI]), also called as ‘Catheter Replacement of the Aortic Valve’ is a minimally invasive alternative for patients suffering from aortic valve stenosis. TAVR is generally done by directing a catheter from the groin to the narrowed valve through the aorta by means of instantaneous x-ray technology. A metallic stent comprising a valve is then installed via a balloon to compress the stent into the valve, opening the narrowed valve and inserting the stent in place.
The procedure was major approved in the United States in November 2011 as an option for individuals believed as poor applicant for open approach replacement; nevertheless, TAVR has been positively applied into practice in other countries before 2011.
In valve repair surgery, the heart valve surgeon opens chest and heart to repair the defective heart valve. Dr Semitha is a specialized heart valve surgeon in rectifying the problems caused by one or more diseased heart valves.